Suggested Learning Resources


2) Video Lesson: YouTube Tendency Tones Austin Patty Channel

3) Online Reading: Dr. Crist Dominant Seventh Chord Reading

4) Interactive Lesson: 

Music Theory QuickThink: 

-          All major and minor keys have two tendency tones

-          Both tendency tones are contained in the V7 chord

-          One tendency tone is the Leading tone of the key. (^7 of the key, and the 3rd of the V7 chord)

-          Note: Remember in minor keys, the leading tone is the "raised" 7th scale degree, as is found in the harmonic minor scale.  The 7th scale degree that appears in the natural minor scale is the sub-tonic, not the leading tone.

-          The other tendency tone is the “chordal-7th of the V7 chord (also is the ^4 of the key)

-          Leading tones resolve up by step

-          Chordal-7ths resolve down by step

Objective 16.1: Examples in Music: YouTube

Objective 16.1: Define and Identify tendency tones in major and minor keys